Who am I kidding right? If such a thing existed, you wouldn’t be reading this blog, and I wouldn’t be writing it. But still, I figured I’d contribute my knowledge about self-studying Japanese (like many other blogs out there have already done) and possibly help you discover new ways to learn this ever-so difficult language.
Step 1: Learn the Syllabary
First off, anyone trying to learn Japanese by themselves needs to learn the two main syllabaries: Hiragana & Katakana. I don’t care what so-called self-study books say, you cannot -I repeat; cannot– get by without the syllabary. Some books and websites sugar-coat your learning of Japanese by introducing tons of vocabulary and grammar patterns without ever writing a single word in Japanese letters. Let me give you a (very) brief introduction to the writing systems in Japan:
Romaji: Literally “Roman letters”, aka Western alphabet system (and completely useless, unless you want to write out a word for phonetic purposes, but then again you have katakana to do that. Romanization of Japanese words is difficult, and there are several ways of doing it e.g.: “suki deshou” vs “suki deshoo” vs “suki deshō”).
ひらがな (hiragana): Japanese syllabary, used for words of Japanese origin, verb suffixes, particles, etc.
カタカナ (katakana): Japanese syllabary, used for words of foreign origin, or “loan words” (e.g.: shirt -> シャツ)
漢字 (kanji): Chinese characters, used for words of Chinese and Japanese origin. While learning kanji is extremely important, we’ll leave that for another time. As soon as the two syllabaries are mastered, then a slow introduction to kanji can be made.
Why is it so important to forgo romaji, and go straight to hiragana & katakana? Because with these two writing systems in place, you will be able to read and write with ease right from the get-go. Now, learning these two systems isn’t as difficult as it may seem. When I first started studying Japanese in university, my teacher had us learn both systems in two weeks -I learned it in one weekend. Here’s the jist of what you have to learn:
5 vowels: A-I-U-E-O
9 consonants: K-S-T-N-H-M-Y-R-W
1 nasal: “n” -> ん
When the vowels and consonants are combined, you get a grand total of 45 syllables (minus 5 that are no longer in use in modern Japanese). Each syllable can either be nasalized or non-nasalized with a simple symbol (゛) that looks just like quotation marks above the syllable.
Eg: KA ->か GA->が
You can only nasalize K-S-T & H, which respectively become G-Z-D & B/P. To create the “p” sound, you must add a (゜) to the syllable.
Eg: HA->は BA->ば PA->ぱ
Hiragana Chart with stroke order (from wiki)
Now of course, your work doesn’t stop here. You still need to learn the exact same syllables, only written differently (with katakana). You will find some similarities between hiragana and katakana; this is because the latter is derived form the first, which in turn is derived form kanji.
While I won’t go into details here of the relationship between all three systems (because it would take forever to write, and I have no interest in re-writing what somebody else has already covered in textbooks and/or blogs) the connection is evident and I encourage you to study it in depth in order to truly understand and appreciate the beauty of Japanese writing. Simply memorizing these letters will not do the trick, as you will soon forget them lest you practice regularly.
Katakana chart with stroke order (also from wiki)
There are literally thousands of charts out there that show you how to write and pronounce hiragana and katakana. Here are some of my favourite websites that offer great help in learning, studying and practicing the syllabaries:
- I suggest you start off by printing out flash card like the ones offered here: http://www.shakespeare-w.com
- After you have that down pat, you can try your hand at practicing what you’ve learned here: www.realkana.com
Once you’ve mastered both syllabaries, you can come back here for more tips and tricks to help you along your journey!
Good luck, see you soon!